How To Start Cassava Farming In Nigeria
Cassava farming is arguably one of the most underrated crop in Nigeria although 80% percent of our daily meal come from cassava produce and the number of end products from cassava keeps increasing. Many communities in Nigeria and Africa at large depend so much on cassava to survive, but it is worrisome that a whole lot of Nigerians are still hungry.
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cassava is one crop that can grow in almost any type of soil, although the Nigerian soil is fertile for all kinds of crops, however, there is a specially kind of specie the cassava crop is made of that makes it to grow in almost all kinds of soils. This explains why almost every community has cassava as one of their prime crop which they use for food. The truth is starvation shouldn’t really be an issue for us in Africa since we have cash crops such as cassava and also yam.
Reports has it that cassava farming has the capacity of employing majority of our unemployed graduates, and the constant complaint about unavailability of jobs will become a thing of the past. The truth is most graduates can do any menial jobs just to get by but can never go into farming to save their lives, most are entangled with those foreign construction companies that exploit their skills when in the real sense they can become their own bosses if they choose to farm agricultural products. cassava farming has been described by many as teh gold mine which has been overlooked for many many years.
Where Can Cassava Be farmed?
As stated earlier, the cassava crop is a premium crop, a farmer once described cassava as the deputy king of crops, according to him cassava is only second to yam which is known as the king of crops. cassava is one of those cash crop that will mostly give you what you want in terms of profit to be made from cassava produce.
According to statistical reports, cassava contributes a huge part of Nigeria’s agricultural exports estimated to be about 19% in percentage. in Africa, many of the West African countries are know for their agricultural prowess and they have a liking for cassava farming, below are the countries in Africa where you can successfully grow cassava or farm cassava and make a bountiful harvest when due;
- Benin Republic
These five African nations accounts for nearly all the cassava products in and Africa and also they contribute a large percentage to world cassava production. countries like Brazil is also know for producing the African type of cassava, their cassava farming is used for tapioca production, there are other notable cassava producing countries in the world.
Why Is Cassava So Important?
Farming cassava is so important that a task force has been commission to look into the issues affecting cassava production in Nigeria, as a matter of fact cassava has one of the highest end products in the market, there are many reasons why cassava product has remain one of the most important crop today, how to start cassava farming in Nigeria should actually be one of the most asked questions today due to the importance this cash crop has.
I have made a list of reasons why cassava is important, these reasons should propel anyone who wants to be part of the revolution that will soon be happening in the agricultural sector, where cassava will be one of the crops that will lead, in terms of farming it and harvesting it as well;
– Cassava Is A Cash Crop – Cassava without a doubt is a cash crop, cassava has been seen as a crop for food security. sub-Saharan Africa is the home of cassava, and cassava has been seen as one of the crop that can provide a significant food security in Africa. The truth is that for a while cassava has not been see as a cash crop but reports has it that give the nutritional value of cassava can transform the crop into a cash crop.
How To Start Cassava Farming In Nigeria
There are steps you can take to set up a cassava farm in Nigeria, this article was actually put together to answer the question How To Start Cassava Farming In Nigeria, steps in planting cassava as well as other relating questions to cassava farming; here are the factors to consider when you start setting up your cassava farm;
- Select A Site Suitable Cassava Farm
- Improve The Soil For Planting The Cassavas:
- Select The Best Cassava Variety To Plant:
- Select Healthy Cassava Stem Cuttings:
- Plant The Cassava Right
- Land Preparation And Planting
- Types Of Fertilizer To Use
Here are some fertilizers to use as recommended
- NPK 15:15:15–12 (50 kg) bags
- NPK 20:10:10–9 (50 kg) bags
- NPK 12:12:17–15 (50 kg) bags
Note – Cassava farmers are advised to apply their fertilizer 8 weeks after the cassava must have been planted. There is the ring fertilizer application which is done in a 6 cm wide and 10 cm. Also while applying ensure that the fertilizer doesn’t touch the cassava seedlings, stem or the leaves.
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